Rok wydania: 2022
Numer czasopisma: 3
Słowa kluczowe: niestandardowe formy zatrudnienia, kohorty demograficzne, niedobrowolne formy zatrudnienia, interesy pracowników
Strony: 32-40
Język publikacji: Angielski
Formy zatrudnienia z perspektywy kohort demograficznych
Dominika Bąk-Grabowska, Anna Cierniak-Emerych, Szymon Dziuba, Katarzyna Grzesik
Na podstawie przeglądu literatury przedmiotu dostrzeżono potrzebę analizy stosowania form zatrudnienia w różnych kohortach demograficznych. Istotna okazała się kategoria dobrowolności wyboru form zatrudnienia przez pracobiorców i respektowanie ich interesów w perspektywie długookresowej. Badania empiryczne przeprowadzono przy użyciu techniki CAWI na reprezentatywnej próbie 1000 pracujących Polaków. Wyniki badań wykazały zróżnicowanie w 4 badanych kohortach: 18–24, 25–39, 40–54, 55–64. W formach niestandardowych najczęściej pracują młodzi (niemal dwukrotnie częściej niż średnia w badanej populacji). W tej grupie wiekowej, w ramach zatrudnienia niestandardowego, dominują umowy prawa cywilnego i zatrudnienie nierejestrowane. W kolejnych dwóch grupach wiekowych znacząco rośnie udział stabilnych form zatrudnienia. Udział form niestandardowych wśród najstarszych jest wyraźnie wyższy niż w poprzednich dwóch kohortach. Statystycznie potwierdzono, że udział niedobrowolnych form zatrudnienia rośnie wraz z wiekiem. Współwystępuje to ze statystycznym potwierdzeniem prawidłowości, że im młodsi pracobiorcy, tym częstsza deklaracja, że formy niestandardowe pozwalają na zaspokojenie ich interesów. Zdecydowanie większa dysproporcja, przejawiająca się w mniejszym zaspokajaniu interesów pracobiorców niż pracodawców, występuje przy niestandardowych formach zatrudnienia. Ustalenia te podkreślają znaczenie formy zatrudnienia dla zaspokajania interesów pracobiorców i zależność tych kategorii od kohorty.
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