Rok wydania: 2023
Numer czasopisma: 2
Słowa kluczowe: zarządzanie kompetencjami, wymagania kompetencyjne, transferowalność, przekrojowość
Strony: 72-83
Język publikacji: Angielski
Pobierz
Kompetencje transferowalne czy transferowalność kompetencji?
Maciej Szafrański, Kamila Borseková, Waldemar Jędrzejczyk
Abstrakt
Celem niniejszego artykułu jest zredukowanie problemu rozbudowanej i niejasnej typologii kompetencji. Jego przyjęcie wynika z zaobserwowanej różnorodności ujęć, podziałów i klasyfikacji kompetencji, które powodują niespójność w ich definiowaniu, badaniu i wykorzystaniu. Rozwiązanie przedstawiono na przykładzie kompetencji transferowalnych. Proponowana metodologia jest połączeniem podejścia jakościowego i ilościowego. Najpierw w wyniku przeglądu literaturowego zredukowano pojęcia kompetencji przekrojowej i kompetencji transferowalnej do jednego pojęcia kompetencji transferowalnej. Następnie zastosowano metodę porównania danych z badań empirycznych, które pozyskano z funkcjonującej platformy IT. Do zbadania korelacji między wymaganiami pracodawców a deklaracjami posiadania kompetencji przez potencjalnych kandydatów wykorzystano współczynnik korelacji Spearmana. Transferowalność jest cechą każdej kompetencji a nie wyróżnikiem jednej z kategorii kompetencji. Przy zadanych kryteriach tylko 18 spośród 1207 zbadanych kompetencji wykazuje wysoki poziom transferowalności. Są to nie tylko kompetencje powszechnie nazywane miękkimi lub społecznymi, ale także kompetencje techniczne. Zaobserwowano dużą korelację między zmiennością transferowalności kompetencji w rankingach opracowanych zarówno na podstawie ofert pracy i modeli kompetencyjnych. Uzyskane wyniki stanowią krok na drodze do opracowania przejrzystej typologii kompetencji. Zaproponowane podejście ułatwi w przedsiębiorstwach opracowanie specyfikacji wymagań stanowiskowych i projektowanie ścieżek kariery oraz konkurowanie na rynku kompetencji.
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